See also Warning section.
Promethazine is used to stop and treat nausea and vomiting related to conditions that are certainsuch as before/after surgery, motion sickness). It is also used to treat allergy symptoms such as rash, itching, and runny nose. It may possibly be utilized that will help you feel sleepy/relaxed before and after surgery or to help certain narcotic pain relievers (such as meperidine) work better. It may also be used for a short time to treat a runny nose due to the common cold.
Promethazine is an antihistamine and works by blocking a certain natural substance (histamine) that your system makes during an reaction that is allergic. Its other effects (such as anti-nausea, calming, pain relief) may work by affecting other substances that are naturalsuch as for example acetylcholine) and by acting directly on particular areas of the mind.
Cough-and-cold services and products haven't been shown to be effective or safe in children younger than 6 years. Therefore, do not use this product to treat cold symptoms in children younger than 6 years unless specifically directed by the doctor. Some items (such as long-acting tablets/capsules) are not suitable for use in kids younger than 12 years. Pose a question to your pharmacist or doctor for more details about using your item safely.
These services and products usually do not cure or shorten the length for the common cold and may cause serious side effects. To decrease the risk for serious adverse effects, carefully follow all dosage directions. Do not give other cough-and-cold medication that might contain the same or similar ingredients (see also Drug Interactions section). Ask the doctor or pharmacist about other ways to relieve cough and cold symptoms (such as drinking fluids that are enough utilizing a humidifier or saline nose drops/spray).
Read the Patient Ideas Leaflet if available from your own pharmacist before you start taking promethazine and each time you get a refill. If you have any relevant questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Take this medication by mouth with or without meals as directed by your doctor, frequently 2 to 4 times day-to-day. For motion sickness, the first dose of promethazine should be taken 30 to 60 minutes before beginning travel. For allergies, this medication may be taken once daily at bedtime to avoid being drowsy during your day. When used before surgery, promethazine may be taken the before or just before the procedure and may be continued afterwards as directed night.
If you're using the liquid form of this medication, carefully measure the dose using a special measuring device/spoon. Do not use a household spoon because you may not get the correct dose.
The dosage is situated on your age, medical condition, and response to treatment. In children, the dosage can also be centered on weight. Do not increase your dosage and take this medication more often than directed.
Tell your doctor if your condition does not enhance or if it worsens.
Drowsiness, dizziness, constipation, blurred vision, or mouth that is dry occur. If any of these results persist or worsen, tell your doctor.
To alleviate dry mouth, suck (sugarless) difficult candy or ice chips, chew (sugarless) gum, take in water, or use a saliva replacement.
Understand that your doctor has recommended this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.
Tell your doctor right away in the event that you have any serious side-effects, including: fainting, sluggish heartbeat, mental/mood changes (such as hallucinations, nervousness, irritability, restlessness, confusion), unusual/uncontrolled movements (such as fixed upward stare, neck twisting, tongue movements), shaking (tremor), difficulty urinating, easy bleeding/bruising, signs of infection (such as fever, persistent sore throat), severe stomach/abdominal pain, persistent nausea/vomiting, yellowing eyes/skin.
Get medical help right away if you have any very serious part effects, including: slow/shallow breathing, seizures.
This medication may rarely cause an extremely condition that is serious neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS). Get help that is medical away if you have some of the after symptoms: temperature, muscle stiffness/pain/tenderness/weakness, severe tiredness, severe confusion, sweating, fast/irregular heartbeat, dark urine, improvement in the total amount of urine.
A tremendously serious reaction that is allergic this drug is rare. However, get help that is medical away if you notice any observeable symptoms of a serious allergic attack, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, difficulty breathing.
This is certainly not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
In america -
Call your doctor for medical advice about side impacts. You may report adverse effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada - Phone your doctor for medical advice about side impacts. You may report effects that are side Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
See section that is also warning.
Before taking promethazine, tell your doctor or pharmacist in the event that you are allergic to it; or to any other phenothiazines (such as prochlorperazine); or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which causes sensitive reactions or other problems. Speak to your pharmacist for more details.
Before by using this medicine, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: breathing problems (such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease-COPD, snore), blood/immune system problems (such as bone tissue marrow depression), high stress into the eye (glaucoma), cardiovascular disease (such as irregular heartbeat), high blood pressure, liver illness, specific brain disorders (such as neuroleptic malignant syndrome, Reye's syndrome, seizures), stomach/intestine problems (such as for example blockage, ulcer), overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism), difficulty urinating (for instance, due to enlarged prostate).
This drug may allow you to be dizzy or drowsy or cause vision that is blurred. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness or clear vision until you are sure you can perform such activities safely. Avoid beverages that are alcoholic.
Before having surgery, tell your doctor or dentist about all these products you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription medications, and herbal products).
Promethazine may make you more sensitive to the sun. Avoid prolonged sun exposure, tanning booths, and sunlamps. Use a sunscreen and wear protective clothing when outdoors.
This medication might make you sweat less, making you more likely to get heat stroke. Avoid doing things that may cause you to overheat, such as hard work or exercise in hot weather, or using hot tubs. As soon as the weather is hot, take in a complete lot of fluids and dress lightly. If you overheat, quickly look for a accepted place to cool down and rest. Get medical help right away if you have a fever that does not disappear, mental/mood changes, hassle, or dizziness.
Liquid products may contain sugar and/or alcohol. Caution is advised you to limit/avoid these substances in your diet if you have diabetes, liver disease, or any other condition that requires. Ask your pharmacist or doctor about using this product properly.
Children may be more sensitive to the side effects of this drug, especially slowed breathing (see Warning area). This drug can cause excitement in often young children instead of drowsiness. Special care should be taken when using this medication in children who have lost a complete lot of fluid (dehydration), those who have a household history of unexpected infant death problem (SIDS), and those who are difficult to wake up from sleep.
Older grownups may be more sensitive to the relative side aftereffects of this drug, especially drowsiness, confusion, constipation, or trouble urinating. Drowsiness and confusion can increase the risk of falling.
During pregnancy, this medication ought to be used just whenever demonstrably needed. Talk about the risks and advantages with your medical practitioner.
It's unknown if promethazine passes into breast milk. It may have undesirable effects on a nursing baby. Consult with your doctor before breast-feeding.
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