Pioglitazone is an anti-diabetic drug (thiazolidinedione-type, also called "glitazones") used along with a proper diet and exercise program to control high blood sugar in patients with diabetes. It works by helping to restore your body's proper response to insulin, thereby decreasing your blood sugar.
Controlling high blood sugar helps prevent kidney damage, blindness, nerve problems, loss of limbs, and sexual function problems. Proper control of diabetes may lessen your risk also of a heart assault or swing.
Pioglitazone can be used either alone or in conjunction with other medications that are anti-diabeticsuch as metformin or a sulfonylurea such as glyburide).
Confer with your physician about the potential risks and benefits of pioglitazone.
Read the drugs Guide provided by your pharmacist before you start using pioglitazone and each time you get a refill. If you have any relevant concerns, ask your physician or pharmacist.
Take this medication by mouth with or without food as directed by your doctor, usually once daily. Dosage is founded on your condition that is medical to treatment, and if you are taking other anti-diabetic drugs. Your doctor will adjust your dose based on your blood sugar levels to find the best dose for you. Follow your physician's directions very carefully.
Take this medication regularly to be able getting the benefit that is most from it. Remember to use it at the same time each day.
If you are already taking another drug that is anti-diabeticsuch as for instance metformin or a sulfonylurea), follow your doctor's guidelines very carefully for stopping/continuing the old medication and starting this medication. Carefully proceed with the medication treatment plan, meal plan, and exercise program your doctor has suggested.
Check your blood sugar levels regularly as directed by your doctor. Keep tabs on the total results, and share them with your doctor. Tell your doctor if your blood sugar measurements are too high or too low. Your dosage/treatment might need certainly to be changed. It might take as much as two to three months prior to the full benefit of this drug takes effect.
See section that is also warning.
Sore throat, muscle pain, weight gain, or tooth problems might occur. If any of these impacts persist or worsen, notify your doctor or pharmacist promptly.
Understand that your physician has prescribed this medication she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects because he or. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.
Inform your doctor appropriate away for those who have any serious side effects, including: new/worsening vision problems (such as blurred vision), bone fracture, reddish-colored urine, urgent need to urinate, pain while urinating.
Pioglitazone may rarely cause liver disease. Tell your doctor immediately if you develop symptoms of liver condition, including: dark urine, yellowing of eyes/skin, persistent nausea/vomiting, stomach/abdominal pain.
Pioglitazone will not usually cause blood that is low (hypoglycemia). Low blood sugar may occur if this drug is prescribed with other medications that are anti-diabeticsuch as insulin or a sulfonylurea). Low blood sugar is more likely if you drink large amounts of alcohol, do unusually exercise that is heavy or do not consume enough calories from food. To help prevent blood that is low, consume meals on a regular schedule, and do not skip meals. Consult your pharmacist or doctor to uncover what you should do if you miss a meal.
Signs and symptoms of low blood sugar include unexpected sweating, shaking, quick heartbeat, hunger, blurred eyesight, dizziness, or hands/feet that is tingling. It is a good habit to carry glucose tablets or gel to treat blood sugar that is low. If you do not have these reliable forms of glucose, quickly raise your blood sugar by eating a quick source of sugar such as for example dining table sugar, honey, or candy, or drink fruit juice or soda that is non-diet. Tell your physician appropriate away concerning the response and the use of this product.
Symptoms of high blood glucose (hyperglycemia) consist of thirst, increased urination, confusion, drowsiness, flushing, quick respiration, or fruity breath odor. If these signs occur, inform your doctor appropriate away. Your dosage might need to be increased.
a very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, get help that is medical away if you observe some of the after symptoms of a critical allergic reaction: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), dizziness, trouble respiration.
This isn't a complete list of possible adverse effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
Within the US -
Call your doctor for medical advice about part effects. You may report adverse effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada - Phone your doctor for medical advice about adverse effects. You may possibly report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
Before taking pioglitazone, inform your doctor or pharmacist in the event that you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain ingredients that are inactive which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Communicate with your pharmacist for more details.
Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: heart disease (such as congestive heart failure, chest pain), liver disease, fluid in your lungs, swelling (edema), anemia, a certain eye problem (macular edema), bladder cancer.
You might experience blurred eyesight, dizziness, or drowsiness because of extremely low or high blood sugar levels. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness or clear vision you can perform such activities safely until you are sure.
Limit alcohol while using this medication since it can raise the risk of developing low blood sugar.
It might be harder to control your blood sugar when your body is stressed (such as due to fever, infection, injury, or surgery). Consult your doctor because increased stress may require a noticeable change in your treatment plan, medications, or blood glucose testing.
Before having surgery, tell your medical practitioner or dental practitioner about all the products you utilize (including prescription drugs, nonprescription medications, and herbal services and products).
Pioglitazone may raise the risk of bone fracture in females (usually in the arm that is upper hand, or foot). See also Notes part.
Pioglitazone can cause changes into the menstrual cycle (promote ovulation) and increase the risk of becoming pregnant. Consult your doctor or pharmacist about the use of reliable birth control while using this medication.
This medicine should be utilized only if clearly needed during pregnancy. Discuss the potential risks and advantages with your doctor. Your medical practitioner may substitute insulin for this drug throughout your pregnancy. Follow all instructions carefully.
Its not known whether this drug passes into breast milk. Consult with your doctor before breast-feeding.
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