Acetazolamide is used to prevent and minimize the symptoms of altitude sickness. This medication can decrease headache, tiredness, nausea, dizziness, and shortness of breath that will take place when you rise quickly to altitudes that are highgenerally above 10,000 feet/3,048 meters). It is particularly useful in situations when you cannot make a ascent that is slow. The best ways to prevent altitude vomiting are climbing slowly, stopping for 24 hours during the climb to permit your body to adjust to the new height, and taking it easy the first one to two days.
This drug is also used with other medicines to deal with a specific kind of eye problem (open-angle glaucoma). Acetazolamide is a "water pill" (diuretic). It decreases the quantity of fluid that will build up in the eye. Additionally it is used to decrease a buildup of body fluids (edema) caused by congestive heart failure or certain medications. Acetazolamide can work less well over time, so it is usually used only for a short period.
It has in addition been used with other medications to treat certain types of seizures (petit mal and unlocalized seizures).
OTHER USES: This area contains uses of this medication that are not listed in the approved professional labeling for the drug but that may be prescribed by your quality of life care professional. Make use of this drug for a state of being which is placed in this section only if it is often therefore prescribed by your health care professional.
Acetazolamide are often used to treat paralysis that is periodic.
Acetazolamide might be taken with or without food. Drink plenty of fluids unless otherwise directed by your doctor. Your dosage is based on your condition that is medical and to therapy.
To prevent altitude vomiting, start acetazolamide that is taking to 2 days before you start to climb. Continue taking it after you have reached your final altitude while you are climbing and for at least 48 hours. You may have to continue taking this medication while staying in the high altitude to control your symptoms. That you climb down as quickly as possible if you develop severe altitude sickness, it is important. Acetazolamide will not protect you from the serious effects of severe altitude sickness. (See also Precautions.)
If you're using this drug for another condition (e.g., glaucoma, seizures), use this medication regularly as directed to obtain the benefit that is most from it. To help you remember, take it at the same time(s) each day. Using your last dose in the evening that is early help prevent you from having to get up in the middle of the night to urinate. Consult your doctor or pharmacist when you have concerns regarding the dosing schedule.
Do not increase or decrease your dose or stop using this medicine without first consulting your doctor. Some conditions could become worse when this drug is abruptly stopped. Your dosage may gradually need to be decreased.
Whenever used for a long period, this medication may not work as well and might require different dosing. Your doctor shall be monitoring your condition. Tell your doctor if your trouble will not improve or if it worsens (e.g., more frequent seizures).
This drug might reduce the potassium levels in your blood. Your doctor may recommend while you are taking this medication that you eat foods rich in potassium (e.g., bananas or orange juice. Your doctor may prescribe a potassium also supplement for you to just take during treatment. Consult your doctor to get more information.
Dizziness, lightheadedness, and an elevated amount of urine may occur, especially through the first days that are few your body adjusts to the medication. Blurred vision, dry mouth, drowsiness, loss of appetite, stomach upset, headache and tiredness may also occur. If any of these symptoms persist or worsen, notify your pharmacist or doctor.
Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of adverse effects because he or. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.
Inform your doctor appropriate away if some of these most unlikely but serious negative effects occur: increased human anatomy hair, hearing loss, ringing in the ears, unusual tiredness, persistent nausea/vomiting, severe pain that is stomach/abdominal.
Look for immediate attention that is medical some of these unlikely but very severe side effects occur: effortless bleeding/bruising, fast/irregular heartbeat, indications of infection (e.g., fever, persistent sore throat), mental/mood changes (age.g., confusion, difficulty concentrating), severe muscle mass cramps/pain, tingling associated with hands/feet, bloodstream into the urine, dark urine, painful urination, yellowing of the eyes/skin.
a very serious allergic reaction to this drug is unlikely, but seek immediate medical attention if it occurs. Symptoms of a serious allergic reaction may add: blisters/sores in the mouth, rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), serious dizziness, trouble breathing.
This will be maybe not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your pharmacist or doctor.
In the united states -
Call your doctor for medical advice about unwanted effects. You may report effects that are side Food And Drug Administration at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada - Phone your doctor for medical advice about adverse effects. You may report side effects to wellness Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
Before taking acetazolamide, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which could cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for lots more details.
This medication should never be utilized if you have particular medical conditions. Before using this medicine, consult your medical practitioner or pharmacist if you have actually: adrenal gland problems (e.g., Addison's disease), low blood quantities of sodium or potassium, severe kidney disease, serious liver disease (e.g., cirrhosis), certain metabolic problems (age.g., hyperchloremic acidosis).
Before using this medicine, inform your physician or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: breathing problems (e.g., emphysema, chronic bronchitis), high levels of calcium, dehydration, diabetes mellitus, gout, narrow-angle glaucoma, overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism).
While this medicine can help you become accustomed to high altitudes and help you tolerate quick climbs, it cannot completely avoid serious altitude sickness. Signs and symptoms of serious altitude sickness may include: serious shortness of breath, mental/mood changes (e.g., confusion, difficulty concentrating), not enough coordination/staggering walk, extreme tiredness, serious headache.
If you develop any of these symptoms, it is very important that you descend to a lower altitude as quickly as possible to prevent serious, possibly fatal problems.
This drug may make you dizzy or drowsy or cause blurred vision. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness or clear vision you can perform such activities safely until you are sure. Limit alcoholic beverages.
To minimize dizziness and lightheadedness, get up slowly when rising from a seated or lying position.
This drug may rarely make your blood sugar levels rise, causing or worsening diabetes. Tell your doctor right away in the event that you develop symptoms of high blood sugar such as increased thirst or tiredness.
If you already have diabetic issues, be certain to test your blood sugar regularly. This medicine may also cause your blood sugar levels to fall. Symptoms of low blood sugar include fast/pounding heartbeat, shakiness, hunger and sweating. It's good habit to carry sugar tablets or gel to treat low blood sugar. If you are in a situation where you don't have these reliable forms of glucose, eat a quick source of sugar such as table sugar, honey, or candy, or drink a glass of orange juice or non-diet soda to quickly raise your blood sugar level. Tell your physician right away in regards to the response.
This medicine may make you more sensitive to the sun. Avoid prolonged sun exposure, tanning booths and sunlamps. Use a sunscreen and wear protective clothing when outdoors.
This medication should not be used in children less than 12 because it might probably influence normal growth.
This medication should really be used with caution in the elderly because they may become more sensitive to its side-effects, especially low potassium or sodium levels.
This medicine must certanly be used during pregnancy only if plainly needed. Discuss the dangers and advantages with your doctor.
This medication passes into breast milk but is unlikely to harm a nursing infant. Consult your physician before breast-feeding.
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