Metformin can be used with a proper dieting and workout system and possibly with other medications to control high blood sugar. It is used in patients with type 2 diabetes. Controlling high blood sugar helps prevent kidney harm, blindness, neurological issues, loss of limbs, and sexual function dilemmas. Proper control of diabetic issues may also lessen your risk of a heart attack or stroke. Metformin works by assisting to restore your body's appropriate response to the insulin you naturally produce. It decreases the amount of sugar that your liver makes and that the stomach/intestines absorb.
DIFFERENT USES: This section contains uses of this drug that are maybe not placed in the approved professional labeling for the drug but that may be prescribed by the health care professional. Use this drug for a condition that is placed in this area only if this has been so recommended by your health care professional.
Metformin may be used with lifestyle changes such as for instance diet and exercise to prevent diabetes in people who are at high risk for becoming diabetic. It is also used in women with a certain disease of the ovaries (polycystic ovarian syndrome). Metformin may make cycles that are menstrual regular and increase fertility.
Read the Patient Information Leaflet if available from your own pharmacist before you start taking metformin and each time you get a refill. If you have any relevant questions, consult your doctor or pharmacist.
Take this medicine by mouth as directed by your medical professional, frequently 1-3 times a day with dishes. Drink plenty of fluids while taking this medicine unless otherwise directed by your physician.
The dosage is centered on your medical condition, response to treatment, and other medications you may be taking. Be sure to tell your doctor and pharmacist about all the products you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products). To reduce your risk of adverse effects (such as upset stomach), your doctor may direct you to start this medication at a dose that is low gradually raise your dose. Follow your doctor's guidelines carefully.
Take this medication regularly to be able to get the most benefit from it. Remember to use it at the times that are same time.
If you are already taking another anti-diabetic drug (such as chlorpropamide), follow your doctor's directions carefully for stopping/continuing the old drug and metformin that is starting.
Check your blood sugar regularly as directed by your doctor. Keep track of the total results, and share them with your doctor. Tell your doctor if your blood sugar measurements are too high or too low. Your dosage/treatment may need to be changed.
Nausea, vomiting, stomach upset, diarrhea, weakness, or a metallic taste in the mouth may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your pharmacist or doctor promptly. If belly symptoms return later (after using the dose that is same several days or weeks), tell your doctor right away. Stomach symptoms that occur after the first days of your treatment might be indications of lactic acidosis.
Remember that your medical professional has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have side that is serious.
Metformin does maybe not usually cause low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). Low blood sugar may occur if this drug is prescribed with other medications that are anti-diabetic. Talk with your physician or pharmacist about whether the dosage of one's other diabetic s that are medication( needs to be lowered.
Signs of low bloodstream sugar include sudden sweating, shaking, fast heartbeat, hunger, blurred eyesight, dizziness, or tingling hands/feet. It is a good habit to carry glucose tablets or gel to treat low blood sugar. If you don't have these reliable types of glucose, rapidly elevate your bloodstream sugar by consuming a quick source of sugar such as for example table sugar, honey, or candy, or take in fruit juice or non-diet soda. Tell your doctor about the reaction right away. Low blood sugar is more likely if you drink large amounts of alcohol, do unusually heavy exercise, or do not consume sufficient calories from meals. To greatly help prevent blood that is low, eat meals on a regular schedule, and do not skip meals. Check with your doctor or pharmacist to learn exactly what you ought to do if you miss a meal.
Symptoms of high bloodstream sugar (hyperglycemia) include thirst, increased urination, confusion, drowsiness, flushing, rapid breathing, and fruity breath smell. If these symptoms happen, tell your doctor straight away. Your doctor may have to adjust your diabetes medication(s).
Stop taking this medication and tell your doctor right away if this very serious part effect happens: lactic acidosis (see alert section).
an extremely serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, get medical help right away if you notice some of the following symptoms of a serious allergic effect: rash, itching/swelling (especially of this face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, difficulty respiration.
That is not a list that is complete of side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your pharmacist or doctor.
In the US -
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report effects that are side FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to wellness Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
See section that is also warning.
Before using this medication, inform your doctor or pharmacist if you have any other allergies if you are allergic to metformin; or. This product may contain ingredients that are inactive which causes allergic reactions or other issues. Keep in touch with your pharmacist to get more details.
Before using this medicine, tell your physician or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: severe breathing issues (such as obstructive lung condition, severe asthma), blood problems (such as anemia, vitamin B12 deficiency), renal disease, liver infection.
Before having surgery or any X-ray/scanning procedure utilizing injectable iodinated contrast material, inform your doctor that this medication is being taken by you. You will need to temporarily stop this medication before the right time of your surgery/procedure. Consult your doctor for further instructions.
Before having surgery, tell your doctor or dentist about all the products you use (including prescribed drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products).
You may experience blurred vision, dizziness, or drowsiness as a result of extremely low or blood that is high levels. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness or clear vision until you are sure you can perform such activities safely.
Limit liquor while using this medicine because it may increase your threat of lactic acidosis and developing low blood sugar.
High fever, "water pills" (diuretics such as hydrochlorothiazide), a lot of sweating, diarrhoea, or vomiting may cause loss of an excessive amount of body water (dehydration) and increase your danger of lactic acidosis. Stop taking this medication and tell your physician right away if you have prolonged vomiting or diarrhea. Be sure to take in enough fluids to stop dehydration unless your doctor directs you otherwise.
It might be harder to control your blood sugar when your body is stressed (such as due to fever, infection, injury, or surgery). Consult your doctor because increased stress may require a noticeable change in your therapy plan, medications, or blood sugar levels testing.
Older adults might be at greater risk for negative effects such as low blood glucose or lactic acidosis.
During maternity, this medication must certanly be used only once clearly needed. Discuss the risks and advantages together with your doctor. Your doctor may direct you to use insulin instead of this product during your pregnancy. Follow your physician's guidelines carefully.
Metformin causes changes in the menstrual cycle (promote ovulation) and increase the risk of becoming pregnant. Consult your doctor or pharmacist about the use of trustworthy birth control while using the this medication.
Metformin passes into breast milk in small amounts. Check with your doctor before breast-feeding.
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