Topiramate is used alone or with other medications to stop and control seizures (epilepsy). This medicine can also be used to prevent migraine headaches and decrease how often you get them. Topiramate will not treat a headache that is migraine it happens. As directed by your doctor (such as by taking pain medication, lying down in a dark room) if you get a migraine headache, treat it.
Topiramate is called an anticonvulsant or antiepileptic drug.
Read the Medication Guide and, if available, the Patient Information Leaflet supplied by your pharmacist you get a refill before you start taking topiramate and each time. If you have any relevant questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Take this medication by lips with or without meals as directed by your doctor, usually twice daily. Swallow the tablets entire since breaking them may leave a bitter taste. To avoid renal rocks from developing, drink plenty of liquids while taking this medication unless your doctor instructs you otherwise.
Dosage is situated on your medical condition and response to treatment. For children, the dosage is also based on weight. Your doctor will increase your dose gradually to lower your threat of side effects. For many conditions, you may begin therapy with topiramate once daily at bedtime and gradually increase your dosage to twice a day. It might take several weeks or months to achieve the dose that is best for you and also to have the full benefit out of this medication.
Just take this medicine regularly getting the most benefit from it. To help you remember, take it at the same times each day. Do not stop taking this medication without consulting your doctor. Some conditions may become worse when this medication is suddenly stopped. Your dose may gradually need to be decreased.
Inform your doctor if your condition continues or if it worsens.
Tiredness, drowsiness, dizziness, loss of coordination, tingling of the hands/feet, lack of appetite, bad flavor in your lips, diarrhoea, and weight-loss may occur. Mental problems such as confusion, slowed thinking, trouble focusing or attention that is paying nervousness, memory problems, or speech/language problems may also occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.
Remember that the doctor has prescribed this medication she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects because he or. Many people using this medication do not have side that is serious.
Inform your physician appropriate away if any of these unlikely but serious negative effects occur: signs of renal stones (such as severe back/side/abdominal/groin pain, fever, chills, painful/frequent urination, bloody/pink urine).
a small number of people who simply take anticonvulsants for any condition (such as seizures, bipolar disorder, discomfort) may experience despair, suicidal thoughts/attempts, or other mental/mood issues. Tell your physician right away if you or your family/caregiver notice any changes that are unusual/sudden your mood, thoughts, or behavior including signs of despair, suicidal thoughts/attempts, thoughts about harming yourself.
Tell your doctor immediately if any of these rare but serious unwanted effects happen: quick breathing, fast/slow/irregular heartbeat, bone tissue pain, broken bones, loss of awareness, unusual bleeding/bruising.
Rarely, topiramate could potentially cause an extremely serious eye problem, generally within 1 month of starting treatment. If untreated, this eye problem can lead to blindness that is permanent. Consequently, get medical help right away if some of these adverse effects occur: sudden vision modifications (such as decreased vision, blurred eyesight), eye pain/redness.
This medication can rarely cause a serious metabolic problem (high amount of ammonia in the blood), particularly if you may also be taking acid that is valproic. Tell your doctor right away if you experience sudden/unexplained tiredness, vomiting, or changes that are mentalsuch as decreased alertness).
A very serious reaction that is allergic this drug is rare. However, get medical help right away if you notice any observeable symptoms of a severe allergic effect, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, difficulty breathing.
This isn't a list that is complete of side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your pharmacist or doctor.
In america -
Call your physician for medical advice about side-effects. You may report effects that are side FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada - Phone your physician for medical advice about part effects. You may report effects that are side Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
Before taking topiramate, tell your doctor or pharmacist in the event that you have any other allergies if you are allergic to it; or. This product may contain ingredients that are inactive which can cause allergies or other problems. Speak to your pharmacist for more details.
Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: a certain eye problem (narrow angle glaucoma), kidney problems (such as kidney stones), liver problems, mental/mood problems (such as depression, thoughts of suicide), lung/breathing problems, a certain metabolic imbalance (metabolic acidosis), long-term diarrhea, a diet high in fat and low in carbohydrates (ketogenic diet), brittle bones (osteoporosis).
This drug may make you dizzy or drowsy or impair your judgment. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness you can perform such activities safely until you are sure. Avoid beverages that are alcoholic.
This medication might make you sweat less, making you more likely to get heat stroke. Avoid doing things that may cause you to overheat, such as hard work or exercise in hot weather, or using tubs that are hot. When the weather is hot, drink a complete lot of fluids and dress lightly. If you overheat, quickly look for a accepted place to cool down and rest. Get help that is medical away when you have a fever that does not disappear, mental/mood changes, headache, or dizziness.
Before having surgery, tell your doctor or dentist about all the products you use (including prescribed drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal items).
Young ones may be more sensitive to the relative side effects of this drug, especially weakened bones, slowed growth rate, and decreased sweating. Consult your doctor or pharmacist to get more details.
Older adults may become more responsive to the relative unwanted effects of this drug, especially dizziness. Dizziness can increase the chance of dropping.
During pregnancy, this medication should be used just when clearly required. It might harm an baby that is unborn. Discuss the use of reliable forms of birth control with your doctor (see also Drug Interactions section). If you are planning pregnancy, become pregnant, or think you may be pregnant, immediately talk to your doctor about the benefits and risks of using this medication during pregnancy. If you should be taking this medication to treat seizures, note that untreated seizures are a serious condition that can damage both a pregnant woman and her unborn baby, so do not stop taking this medication unless directed by your doctor.
This medicine passes into breast milk and may have undesirable effects on a nursing infant. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.
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