Metformin is used with a proper exercise and diet program and possibly along with other medicines to control high blood sugar. It is used in patients with type 2 diabetes. Controlling blood that is high helps prevent kidney harm, blindness, nerve problems, loss of limbs, and sexual function problems. Proper control of diabetes may lessen your risk also of a heart attack or stroke. Metformin works by helping to restore your body's proper response to your insulin you naturally produce. It decreases the amount of sugar that your particular liver makes and your stomach/intestines absorb.
OTHER USES: This section contains uses of this drug which are maybe not detailed in the approved labeling that is professional the medication but that may be recommended by your wellness care professional. Use this medication for a state of being which is listed in this part as long as it is often so prescribed by your wellbeing care professional.
Metformin may be used with lifestyle changes such as exercise and diet to prevent diabetes in people who are at high risk for becoming diabetic. It is also used in women with a certain disease of the ovaries (polycystic ovarian syndrome). Metformin may make cycles that are menstrual regular and increase fertility.
Read the Patient Information Leaflet if available from your pharmacist you get a refill before you start taking metformin and each time. If you have any relevant questions, consult your doctor or pharmacist.
Take this medication by mouth as directed by your physician, usually 1-3 times per day with meals. Drink lots of fluids while taking this medication unless otherwise directed by your doctor.
The dosage relies on your condition that is medical to treatment, and other medications you may be taking. Be sure to tell your doctor and pharmacist about all the products you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products). To reduce your risk of adverse effects (such as upset stomach), your doctor may direct you to start this medication at a dose that is low gradually raise your dose. Follow your physician's instructions carefully.
Take this medication regularly in order to get the most benefit from it. Remember to use it at the same times each day.
If you are already taking another anti-diabetic drug (particularly chlorpropamide), follow your medical professional's instructions carefully for stopping/continuing the old drug and metformin that is starting.
Always check your blood sugar regularly as directed by your doctor. Keep an eye on the total results, and share them with your doctor. Tell your doctor if your blood sugar measurements are too high or too low. Your dosage/treatment may should be changed.
Nausea, vomiting, stomach upset, diarrhea, weakness, or a metallic taste in the mouth may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist quickly. If belly symptoms return later (after using the same dose for several days or weeks), tell your doctor right away. Stomach symptoms that occur after the first days of your treatment may be signs of lactic acidosis.
Keep in mind that your physician has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of adverse effects. Many people using this medication do not have adverse that is serious.
Metformin does perhaps not usually cause low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). Low blood sugar may occur if this drug is prescribed with other anti-diabetic medications. Talk to your medical professional or pharmacist about if the dose of your other diabetic s that are medication( has to be lowered.
Apparent symptoms of low blood sugar consist of sudden sweating, shaking, quick heartbeat, hunger, blurred vision, dizziness, or hands/feet that is tingling. It is a good habit to carry glucose tablets or gel to treat low blood sugar. In the event that you do not have these reliable types of glucose, rapidly raise your blood sugar by eating a quick source of sugar such as dining table sugar, honey, or candy, or drink fruit juice or non-diet soda. Tell your doctor about the reaction right away. Low blood sugar is more likely if you drink large amounts of alcohol, do unusually heavy exercise, or do not consume sufficient calories from food. To simply help prevent low blood sugar, eat meals on a regular schedule, and do not skip meals. Check with your doctor or pharmacist to find out what you ought to do in the event that you miss a meal.
Symptoms of high bloodstream sugar (hyperglycemia) include thirst, increased urination, confusion, drowsiness, flushing, rapid breathing, and fruity breath smell. If these signs happen, inform your doctor straight away. Your medical professional may have to adjust your diabetes medication(s).
Stop taking this medicine and tell your doctor immediately if this very severe side effects happens: lactic acidosis (see Warning section).
an extremely serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, get help that is medical away if you see some of the after symptoms of a serious allergic reaction: rash, itching/swelling (especially for the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble respiration.
This is not a list that is complete of side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your pharmacist or doctor.
Within the US -
Call your medical practitioner for medical advice about part results. You may report effects that are side FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada - Phone your doctor for medical advice about side-effects. You'll report effects that are side wellness Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
See section that is also warning.
Before taking this medicine, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to metformin; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, that may cause allergies or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.
Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: severe respiration problems (such as obstructive lung disease, severe asthma), blood problems (such as for example anemia, vitamin B12 deficiency), kidney illness, liver disease.
Before having surgery or any X-ray/scanning procedure using injectable iodinated contrast material, tell your medical practitioner that this medication is being taken by you. You will need to temporarily stop this medication before the right time of your surgery/procedure. Consult your medical practitioner for further instructions.
Before having surgery, tell your doctor or dental practitioner about all of the items you utilize (including prescription drugs, nonprescription medications, and herbal products).
You'll experience blurred eyesight, dizziness, or drowsiness due to extremely low or high blood sugar levels. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness or clear vision until you are sure you can perform such activities safely.
Limit alcohol while using this medication since it can increase your risk of lactic acidosis and developing blood sugar that is low.
High fever, "water pills" (diuretics such as hydrochlorothiazide), too much sweating, diarrhea, or vomiting may cause lack of too much body water (dehydration) and increase your danger of lactic acidosis. Stop taking this medication and tell your physician straight away for those who have prolonged diarrhea or vomiting. Make sure to take in sufficient fluids to prevent dehydration unless your doctor directs you otherwise.
It may be harder to control your blood sugar when your body is stressed (such as due to fever, infection, injury, or surgery). Consult your doctor because increased stress may require a noticeable change in your treatment plan, medications, or blood sugar levels assessment.
Older adults might be at greater risk for negative effects such as for example low blood sugar or lactic acidosis.
During pregnancy, this medication should be used just whenever clearly required. Discuss the risks and benefits with your physician. Your doctor may direct one to instead use insulin of the product during your maternity. Follow your physician's instructions carefully.
Metformin can cause changes in the cycle that is menstrualpromote ovulation) and increase the risk of becoming pregnant. Consult your doctor or pharmacist about the utilization of trustworthy birth control while using this medication.
Metformin passes into breast milk in small amounts. Consult with your doctor before breast-feeding.
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